Archive | June, 2008

Pangrammatic Sentences

30 Jun

 

Pangrammatic sentences are sentences that contain all the letters of the English alphabet (i.e. A to Z). The word “Pangrammatic” goes back to 1933.  A few examples are given below:

 

 

  1. The quick brown fox jumps over a lazy dog.
  2. Pack my box with five-dozen liquor jugs.
  3. We promptly judged antique ivory buckles for the next prize.
  4. The five boxing wizards jumped quickly.
  5. A quick movement of the enemy will jeopardize six gunboats.

Longest & Shortest Words in English

30 Jun

 

LONGEST WORD (45 Letters)

 

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis = a type of lung disease.

 

SHORTEST WORDS (2 letters)

 

  • Aa = a type of lava
  • Os = mouth/bone
  • Rx = Prescription

 

LONG WORD (34 Letters)

 

Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious = beautiful/wonderful

 

 

ON THE LIGHTER SIDE

 

LONGEST WORD IN ENGLISH

 

SMILES……..There’s a MILE between two S’s.

 

Facts About English

30 Jun

  • English is the most widespread language in the world and is more widely spoken and written than any other language.
  • Over 400 million people use the English vocabulary as a mother tongue only surpassed in numbers, but not in distribution by speakers of the many varieties of Chinese.
  • Over 700 million people, speak English, as a foreign language.
  • Of all the world’s languages (over 2,700) English is arguably the richest in vocabulary; and that the Oxford English Dictionary lists about 500,000 words, and a further half-million technical and scientific terms remain uncatalogued.
  • Three-quarters of the world’s mail, telexes and cables are in English
  • The main language used throughout the world on the internet is English.
  • More than half of the world’s technical and scientific periodicals are in English.
  • English is the medium for 80% of the information stored in the world’s computers.
  • 5 of the largest broadcasting companies in the world (CBS, NBC, ABC, BBC and CBC) transmit in English, reaching millions and millions of people all over the world.
  • The word “queue” is the only word in the English language that is still pronounced the same way when the last four letters are removed.
  • Of all the words in the English language, the word ‘set’ has the most definitions!
  • Almost” is the longest word in the English language with all the letters in alphabetical order.
  • “Rhythm” is the longest English word without a vowel.
  • The shortest complete sentence in the English language is “I am.”
  • The most used letter in the English alphabet is ‘E’ and ‘Q’ is the least used!

 

Compiled by P. Mohan Chandran from eclectic sources.

Wordrobe – Enlarge Your Vocabulary

28 Jun

VERBS

 

 

  1. Suspire = to breathe; to sigh.
  2. Indurate = to make hardy, inured, accustomed; to make callous or unfeeling; to become established.
  3. Yammer = to whine, complain, or to talk loudly and incessantly.
  4. Extirpate = to destroy completely; to pull up by the roots.
  5. Spall = to break into small pieces; to splinter; a chip or splinter, esp. of stone.

 

INSULTS

 

 

  1. Jackanapes = an impertinent conceited person.
  2. Gundygut = a voracious eater; a greedy person.
  3. Praetorian or Pretorian = corruptible; fraudulent.
  4. Quisquilian = worthless; trifling.
  5. Flibbertigibbet = someone who is regarded as flighty, scatterbrained, and talkative.

 

ARCHAIC WORDS

 

 

  1. Point-device = completely; perfectly; precise; meticulous.
  2. Garboil = confusion; turmoil.
  3. Scrannel = thin; unmelodious.
  4. Sweven = dream; vision.
  5. Ween = to think, suppose, believe.
 

EPONYMS

 

Lilliputian = very small; a very small person (named after Lilliput, a fictional island nation in Jonathan Swift’s satirical novel, ‘Gulliver’s Travels.’ Everything was diminutive in Lilliput – its inhabitants were 6 inches in height).

 

Pantagruelian = enormous; displaying extravagant and coarse humour. (named after Pantagruel, a giant king with an enormous appetite, depicted in a series of novels by Francois Rabelais).

 

Gargantuan = gigantic (named after Gargantua, a voracious giant, the father of Pantagruel, in a series of novels by Francois Rabelais).

 

Simon Legree = a harsh taskmaster (named after Simon Legree, a brutal slave dealer in the novel ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ by Harriet Beecher Stowe).

 

Babbit = a self-satisfied narrow-minded person who conforms to conventional ideals of business and material success (named after the main character in Sinclair Lewis’s novel, ‘Babbit’).

 

Lucullan = lavish, luxurious (named after a Roman general Lucius Licinius Lucullus, who was known for his sumptuous banquets).

 

Jeremiah = a person who complains continually, has a gloomy attitude, or one who warns about a disastrous future (named after Jeremiah, a Hebrew Prophet during the 7th and 6th centuries BCE who prophesied the fall of the kingdom of Judah and whose writings are collected in the ‘Book of Jeremiah’ and the ‘Book of Lamentations’).

 

Tartuffe = a hypocrite who feigns virtue, esp. in religious matters (named after the main character in ‘Tartuffe,’ a play by Moliere, pen-name of Jean-Baptiste Poquelin).

 

Cicerone = a tour guide (named after Marcus Tullius Cicero, the Roman statesman, orator, and writer, who was known for his knowledge and eloquence. He’s one of the rare people who has given two eponyms to the English language. Another word coined after his name is ‘Ciceronian,’ meaning marked by ornate language, expansive flow, and forcefulness of expression).

 

 Svengali = a person who manipulates and exercises excessive control over another for sinister purposes (named after Svengali, a musician and hypnotist, in the novel ‘Trilby,’ written by George du Maurrier. In the story, Trilby is an artist’s model. She is tone-deaf, but Svengali transforms her into a singing sensation under his hypnotic spell. Another eponym to come out of the novel is the word for a man’s hat: ‘Trilby.’ A trilby was a soft felt hat with a narrow brim and an indented crown. The word arose because such a hat was won in the stage production of the novel).

Compiled by P. Mohan Chandran with help from www.wordsmith.org.

 

 

Job Openings (For Indian Branch of US Co.)

21 Jun
Below is the job description of the candidate profile we are looking for, to work for our office in Chikkadpally, Hyderabad. We need a trustworthy person who can work independently and manage the office back in Hyderabad, India.
  

Company Name: Live IT Solutions

Website: http://www.liveitsolutions.com/   

 

Job Description:

* Any graduate/preferably post graduate with good English speaking skills.
* 1-2 years experience in recruiting for U.S. clients (preferred).
* Should be able to search for suitable candidates on Dice/Monster, etc.,  for requirements.
* Should be able to submit candidates for the requirements on Dice/Monster after screening their resumes.
* Interact with vendors/clients on a daily basis to discuss the job requirements.
* Able to work according to U.S. timings (7 PM to 6 AM IST)
* Should be Internet Savvy.
 

Training will be provided for the right candidate (freshers).
Salary: Rs 8, 000 – 15, 000 (depending on experience)

Those interested please contact Jyothsna and email your updated and detailed CV to: jyothsnac@gmail.com. All job related queries should be directed to Jyothsna only.

Uncommon Vocabulary

20 Jun

 

 

UNCOMMON WORDS

 

 

 

Words Related to ‘Sleep’

 

 

  1. Lychnobite = one who works at night and sleeps during the day.
  2. Hypnopompic = pertaining to the semi-conscious state before waking.
  3. Diurnation = the habit of sleeping or being dormant during the day.
  4. Soporose = sleepy; in an unusually deep sleep.

 

Words Related to ‘Colour’ as ‘Metaphors’

 

 

  1. Purple Prose = an overly ornate piece of writing (also called ‘Purple Passage’ and ‘Purple Patch’).
  2. Red Brick = lacking prestige (Antonym of this is ‘Ivy League’ which means having a high prestige and a reputation for scholastic achievement).
  3. Cordon Bleu = of the highest class; a person of great distinction in a field, esp, applied to chef.
  4. White Shoe = pertaining to a business or those who run it, typically conservative, rich and elite, in fields such as law, finance, etc. (from the earlier popularity of white shoes among such men).
  5. Blue Streak = something moving very fast; a rapid and seemingly endless stream of words.

 

Miscellaneous Words

 

 

  1. Kerfuffle = a commotion.
  2. Jobbernowl = a blockhead, stupid.
  3. Supererogatory = going beyond the call of duty; superfluous.
  4. Mooch = to get something from someone instead of buying it yourself.
  5. Nelly = a silly person
  6. Lobola = (in South Africa) a payment given to a woman’s father in return for permission to marry her.
  7. Vilipend = to treat someone with contempt; to disparage.
  8. Pootle = to spend time doing things that you enjoy but that are not important.
  9. Poncy (also Poncey) = expensive or high quality; an insulting way of describing a man who behaves in a way that seems more typical of a woman.
  10. Puerperal = during or relating to the time when a woman gives birth to a baby.
  11. Flunky (also Flunkey) = an insulting word for someone who is always keen to please or obey more powerful people; an insulting word for someone who does unimportant work.
  12. Blandishments = pleasant things you do or say about someone in order to persuade or influence them.
  13. Blarney = a friendly way of talking to people and saying nice things about them that makes it easy to persuade people to do what you want.
  14. Black Leg = someone who continues to work when the other people they work with are on strike. This word shows you do not approve of people who do this.
  15. Quadridecennial = 14 years.
  16. Superficies = outer surface or appearance of something or someone.
  17. Interpellate = to question formally, an official, a member of government, etc.
  18. Adscititious = derived from outside; external; additional.
  19. Serotine = late in occurring, forming or flowering.

 

‘Newly-Coined’ Words

 

 

  1.  Chav = a youth whose behaviour is marked by ignorance, aggression, and a fondness for jewelry and clothing.
  2. Commentariat = the group of people who provide opinion and analysis of events in the news. (A ‘portmanteau’ word formed by blending ‘Commentator’ + ‘Proletariat.’
  3. Adultescent = an adult whose activities and interests are typically associated with youth culture. (Another term for this is ‘tween.’)
  4. Carbon-neutral = adding no net carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

 

 

 

 

‘Borrowed’ Words

 

 

  1. Kahuna = a priest or a medicine man; an important person. (Other synonyms for this word are ‘Panjandrum’ and ‘Prima Donna’).
  2. Monicker = a person’s name or nickname.
  3. Catamaran = a boat with two parallel hulls, joined by a frame; a quarrelsome person, esp. a woman.
  4. Lahar = an avalanche-like mudflow composed of volcanic debris and water, originating on the slopes of a volcano.

 

Words with no “L”

 

 

  1. Jabberwocky = meaningless speech or writing
  2. Excursive = tending to wander off; rambling.
  3. Dysphagia = difficulty in swallowing
  4. Kafkaesque = complex or illogical in a bizarre, surreal, or nightmarish manner.
  5. Anthropomorphize = to attribute human qualities to things not human.

 

‘Medical’ Words

 

 

  1. Sternutation = the act of sneezing or a sneeze.
  2. Idiopathy = a disease of unknown origin or one having no apparent cause.
  3. Nosology = the branch of medical science that deals with classification of diseases; a systematic classification or list of diseases.
  4. Otorhinolaryngology (or Otolaryngology) = the branch of medicine that deals with the ear, nose, and throat (ENT).
  5. Sequela = a pathological condition resulting from a previous disease or injury.
  6. Lobotomy = a medical operation in which part of someone’s brain is removed as a way of treating serious mental illness.

 

Words related to ‘Food’

 

  1. Cibarious = relating to food; edible.
  2. Jentacular = relating to breakfast.
  3. Macaronic = involving a mixture of languages.
  4. Xerophagy = the eating of dry food, esp. food that’s cooked without oil.
  5. Verjuice = the sour juice of unripe grapes, crab apples, etc.

 

 

‘Yiddish’ Words

 

 

  1. Schnook = a stupid, easily deceived person.
  2. Megillah = a long, tedious account.
  3. Schnorrer = one who habitually takes advantage of others’ generosity, often through an air of entitlement.
  4. Schlump = a dull or slovenly person.
  5. Meshuga or Meshugga = crazy, stupid.
  6. Shtick or Schtick or Schtik = a performer’s routine or gimmick; one’s special trait, interest or talent.
  7. Schlub (also spelled as Zhlub or Zhlob) = a clumsy oaf.
  8. Schmooze, Schmoose, or Schmoos = to chat, esp. in order to gain an advantage or to make a social or business connection with an influential person; a gossipy or ingratiating chat.
  9. Maven = an expert, connoisseur, enthusiast.
  10. Yenta = a busybody or gossip.

 

‘14 Letter’ Words

 

  1. Tintinnabulate = to ring; to tinkle.
  2. Tinctumutation = change of colour
  3. Brobdingnagian = of gigantic size
  4. Circumbendibus = circumlocution
  5. Acritochromacy = colour blindness

 

Words related to ‘Beard’

 

 

  1. Pogonotrophy = growing of a beard
  2. Sideburns = hair grown on the sides of a man’s face, when worn with an unbearded chin (named after Ambrose Everett Burnside, who served as a General in the Union Army in the American Civil War. The term ‘Burnsides’ morphed into ‘sideburns,’ as such a facial pattern was on the sides of a face).
  3. Dundrearies = long flowing sideburns.
  4. Vandyke or Van Dyke = a short, pointed beard (generally ‘V-shaped’; named after painter Anthony Van Dyck or Vandyke, who painted portraits of people having these V-shaped beards).
  5. Bluebeard = a man who marries and kills one wife after another (named after Bluebeard, the nickname of the protagonist in a fairy tale by Charles Perrault, who had a blue beard).
  6. Jericho = a place out of the way; an unspecified place; a place of concealment

 

Words Related to Animals

 

 

  1. Cat’s Paw = someone used as a tool by another; a kind of knot used to connect a rope to an object (derived from the fable in which a monkey uses a cat to pull roasting chestnuts from a fire. The monkey gobbles up all the nuts while the cat is left with a burnt paw).
  2. Cat call =a loud whistling sound that someone in an audience or a crowd makes to show that they do not like a person or a performance.
  3. Catatonic = unable to move or control your movements as a result of illness or shock.
  4. Cat burglar = a thief who gets into buildings by climbing up walls.
  5. Cat and mouse = a situation in which you let someone else believe that they have managed to escape, before you actually catch them.
  6. Cash Cow = a product or business that earns a lot of money, esp. when this money is used to pay for something else.
  7. Elephantine = very large, slow, and not graceful
  8. Donkey’s Years = a very long time.
  9. Donkey work = boring work that needs a lot of effort but has to be done as part of a job.
  10. Donkey Jacket = a short coat made of thick dark wool, usually with a piece of leather or plastic on each shoulder (often worn by people who do outdoor work).
  11. Cock and bull story = a story that is silly and difficult to believe.
  12. Cockamamie = silly or impossible to understand
  13. Cockcrow = the very early morning when it begins to get light
  14. Cock-eyed = silly and not practical; not straight or level; crooked.
  15. Cock-a-hoop = pleased and proud about something you have done.
  16. Chick flick = a film intended esp. for women, often about a romantic relationship.
  17. Sheep’s Eyes = shy amorous glances.
  18. Mare’s Nest = a confused mess; a hoax or an illusory discovery.
  19. Lion’s Share = largest part; chunk of the share.
  20. Dog’s Chance = slim chance
  21. Snail’s Pace = very slow pace
  22. Dog-eared = folded, damaged, or torn sides/edges/corners of a book.
  23. Dogsbody = someone who is forced to do all the jobs that no one else wants to do.
  24. Dog-tired = extremely tired
  25. Dog days = the hottest days of the year
  26. Dog collar = a white stiff round collar worn by priests in the Christian Church; a tight decorated band that you wear around your neck as a decoration.
  27. Dogfight = a situation in which people argue or compete, esp. in an unpleasant way; a fight between military aircraft.
  28. Doe-eyed = having big, attractive eyes and looking as if not having much experience of life.
  29. Horse Trading = difficult and sometimes dishonest discussions between people who are trying to reach an agreement.
  30. Foxtrot = a dance done by two people together in which some slow steps are followed by some quick steps.

 

Whose What?

 

 

  1. Shank’s mare = one’s own legs. (Also know as ‘Shank’s pony’).
  2. Widow’s peak = a ‘V-shaped’ hairline at the centre top of the forehead.
  3. Curate’s egg = something having both good and bad parts.
  4. Friar’s Lantern = a phosphorescent light seen over marshy ground at night, caused by spontaneous combustion of gases emitted by decomposing organic matter. (Another term for this is ‘foxfire’).
  5. Busman’s holiday = a holiday spent doing things as at work.
  6. Buggin’s turn = assignment to a position based on seniority or rotation, instead of merit. (Also ‘Buggins’s turn’).
  7. Job’s Comforter = a person who tries to console or help someone who not only fails but also ends up making the person feel worse.
  8. Pandora’s Box = a source of many unforeseen troubles.
  9. Buckley’s Chance = no chance at all, or only a very slim chance. (Also called “Buckley’s and none” or “Buckley’s hope”).
  10. Pele’s Hair = thin strands of volcanic glass, formed when lava is thrown into the air by the explosion of a volcano. (Named after ‘Pele,’ the Hawaiian Goddess of fire and volcanoes).

 

Eponyms

 

  1. Adamite = a nudist (after the name of some Christian sects who professed to imitate the first human, Adam, in not wearing any clothes); a human being; a mineral (Zinc Arsenate Hydroxide) usually yellow and green in colour (named after mineralogist, Gilbert Joseph Adam).
  2. Bunyanesque = gigantic; of or relating to the legends of the fictional hero, Paul Bunyan; of or relating to the allegorical style of the author Paul Bunyan.
  3. Roscian = of or relating to acting (named after Quintus Roscius Gallus, a Roman actor famous for his talent in acting).

In Roscius’ honour, accomplished actors are sometimes called ‘Roscius.’

  1. Hermeneutic = interpretative or explanatory (named after Hermes in Greek mythology, who served as a messenger and herald for other gods, and who himself was god of eloquence, commerce, invention, cunning, and theft).
  2. Galen = a physician (named after Galen, a famous Greek physician in the 2nd century. He pioneered the study of anatomy).

 

 

Words Relating to ‘Eyes’

 

 

1.      Spectral = pertaining to a light energy spectrum, usually the visible spectrum; pertaining to a ghost, wraith, or apparition.

2.      Cataract = a clouding of the naturally occurring crystalline lens; a waterfall.

3.      Dendriform = in the shape of a tree.

4.      Vitreous = the clear, glassy, sticky inner substance of the eye; glassy.

5.      Iris (pl. irisces, irides) = the pigmented tissue of the eye in the centre of which is the opening called the pupil; a rainbow; a showy, flowering plant.

 

Words to Discover

 

 

  1. Froufrou = something fancy, elaborate and showy; a rustling sound, as of a silk dress.
  2. Bilabial = using both lips (A bilabial sound or consonant, for example, ‘p,’ ‘b,’ ‘m,’ where both lips touch each other, and ‘w’ in which lips are rounded).
  3. Scintillescent = sparkling or twinkling.
  4. Rapparee = an Irish guerrilla fighter in the late 17th century; any freebooter or robber.
  5. Vetitive = relating to a veto; having the power to forbid.

 

 

Source: Compiled by P. Mohan Chandran with help from www.wordsmith.org and ‘Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners.’

 

 

 

 

 

Ponder A While…..

15 Jun

 

Ponder a While…

 
“What the heart gives away is never gone…It is kept in the hearts of others.” – Robin St. John.

“Even though you may want to move forward in your life, you may have one foot on the brakes. In order to be free, we must learn how to let go. Release the hurt. Release the fear. Refuse to entertain your old pain. The energy it takes to hang onto the past is holding you back from a new life. What is it you would let go of today?” – Mary Manin Morrissey

“It is only the great men who are truly obscene. If they had not dared to be obscene, they could never have dared to be great.” – Havelock Ellis

“There is no relation in this world that is unselfish.” – Chanakya

“Success is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm.” – Winston Churchill

“Arrow goes forward only after pulling in backward. Bullet goes forward only after pressing the trigger backward. Every human being will get happy only after facing the difficulties in their life path. So, don’t be afraid to face your difficulties. They will push you forward.” – Anonymous

“Love is a fire. But whether it is going to warm your heart or burn down your house, you can never tell.” – Joan Crawford

 
“Whatever you do, you need courage. Whatever course you decide upon, there is always someone to tell you that you are wrong. There are always difficulties arising that tempt you to believe your critics are right. To map out a course of action and follow it to an end requires some of the same courage that a soldier needs. Peace has its victories, but it takes brave men and women to win them.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson
 
“All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them.” –  Walt Disney
 
“Read, every day, something no one else is reading. Think, every day, something no one else is thinking. Do, every day, something no one else would be silly enough to do. It is bad for the mind to be always part of unanimity.” – Christopher Morley
 
“And remember, my sentimental friend, that a heart is not judged by how much you love, but by how much you are loved by others”. – Professor Marvel in ‘Wizard of Oz.’
 
“The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.” –  William James
 
“A diamond with a flaw is worth more than a pebble without imperfections.” – Chinese Proverb
 
“I not only use all the brains I have but all that I can borrow.” – Thomas Woodrow Wilson
 
“The real measure of your wealth is how much you’d be worth if you lost all your money.” –  Anon
 
“I have learned this at least by my experiment: that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours.” – Henry David Thoreau
 
“It’s good to have money and the things that money can buy, but it’s good to check up once in a while to make sure you haven’t lost the things that money can’t buy.” – George Claude Lorimer
 
“Critics are like eunuchs in a harem. They’re there every night, they see it done every night, they see how it should be done every night, but they can’t do it themselves.” – Brendan Behan
 
“Small opportunities are often the beginning of great enterprises.” -Demosthenes
 
 
 
Compilation : P. Mohan Chandran (Hyderabad, India)